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Which Sewing Machine Needle to Use?

When I first began sewing, I underestimated the importance of proper sewing needle use. I figured I could use the needle that came with my machine for all projects until it broke, right? Wrong! Using the correct needle and frequently changing the needle makes ALL the difference. Think of it like this, you wouldn’t use a wrench to hammer in a nail. It’s not the proper tool for the job. Sewing machine needles are the same way. You need to match the needle with the project.

As with any other tool, sewing needles will eventually wear out. The rule of thumb is to change your needle every 4 to 8 hours of sewing. For great quality needles, you may be able to go longer. For poor quality, best to change every project. Personally, I don’t keep a timer on my needles, so I pay more attention to how it sews. For instance, if I see skipped stitches, bunching, snagging, or anything other than a perfect stitch, I’ll change the needle. Knowing you are using the correct needle is just one less variable to worry about.

Let’s get to know what kind of needles are out there.

Universal – The point is slightly rounded for knits, but sharp enough to pierce wovens. Although a Universal needle can technically be used on knits, I’ve found it to be most effective with wovens, especially cotton.
Ballpoint – The choice needle for knits. It’s rounded slightly to pass between the fabric threads rather than pierce them. Works well on heavy knits as well and won’t damage spandex.
Quilting – The tapered point is designed for thick layers and intersecting seams. This is the best choice for perfect machine quilting. Quilting Needles can also be used for piecing.
Sharp – This needle has a sharp point and narrow shaft for piercing wovens.  Works best on finely woven fabric like chintz, silk, light weight faux suede, and micofiber. Also great for heirloom sewing or any other type of topstitching.
Leather – This wedge shaped point is idea for sewing leather, suede, vinyl, heavy faux suede, and thick non-woven fabric. Pay close attention to where you sew; this needle will leave permanent holes. To avoid perforating the fabric, do not backstitch. Instead, tie the thread ends. Not for use with knits.
Denim – Denim Needles have a sharp point and strong shaft. These needles can stitch through many layers without breaking. Use on heavy, tightly woven fabric, like denim, canvas, and duck.
Topstitching – The extra large eye, large groove, and sharp point make it perfect for heavy decorative threads, like embroidery thread, or 2even two strands of all purpose thread. Use this needle anytime you have stitches visible on the outside of your project for a neat, clean look.
Stretch – Stretch Needles are designed for fine, light weight knits. Use when sewing Silk Jersey, Lycra, or anything with high elasticity. If you experience skipped stitches will a ballpoint needle, switch to a stretch needle.
Serger – These durable needles are specifically designed for Overlock machines. The sharp point gives it versatility for use on all fabrics. These needles are sized differently than conventional sewing machine needles. Check your manual for the correct needle. Change your serger needle after 15 hours of serging.
Embroidery – These are great machine embroidery and when sewing with Rayon, Acrylic, or specialty threads. The scarf of the needle protects the thread from fraying or breaking during high speeds.
Metallic – Monofilament and metallic thread work best with this needle because of the extra large eye. large groove scarf, and sharp point. This needle must be used when sewing metallic thread.
Wing – Just as in the name, it has flared ‘wings’ on each side of the shaft. Great for heirloom and decorative stitches, especially for batiste and linen. Some heirloom stitching can only be accomplished properly with a Winged Needle.
Twin – This ‘needle’ has a single shaft connecting two needles. This is often used when a sewist wants two perfectly matching stitches, commonly seam on jeans and decorative stitching. The users sewing machine must be twin needle capable, as you need two separate thread spools. Available in Denim, Stretch, Embroidery, Metallic, and Universal. Can also have one Winged needle and the other Universal.
Triple – This needle only comes as a universal needle. Just like the Twin needle, the Triple needle has a single shaft connecting three needles. Machine must be Triple needle capable.

– This needle is most commonly used for free motion sewing, embroidery, and monogramming. the wire coiled shaft acts as a presser foot to depress and release the fabric. Only available in universal, stretch, and quilting.
Self Threading – This is a general purpose needle just like the universal, however the eye is enlarged to assist sewists whom have difficulty threading needles.

Understanding the Sizes

So you’re ready to purchase your needles, but what do the numbers mean? There are two sizes, the American size and the European size with a ‘/’ separating the numbers. The larger number is European sizing and the smaller number is American sizing. The size needle you need depends on the weight of your fabric. Think of it like this, a size 70/10 needle is for fine fabrics and the strength or the shaft and point are designed as such. If you use a 70/10 needle to sew two pieces of denim, chances are that needle will be out of service very quickly. Let’s look at some general guidelines:

60/8 – For the most lightweight fabrics, like Organza, Chiffon, or Georgette.

70/10 – Light weight polyester or Silk, like you would use on a light blouse.

80/12 – Most Commonly Used – Cotton, Rayon, blends.

90/14 – Mid-heavy fabrics, like Corduroy, raw Silks, bottom weight fabric.

100/16 – Heavy fabrics, like Denim and Duck Cloth.

110/18 –  For Very Heavy Fabric, like Canvas or tapestry.

120/19 – Heaviest Fabrics, like luggage handles and boat canvas.

Not sure about the right needle for your project? Leave us a message in the comment section below and we’ll help you find it!

906 thoughts on “Which Sewing Machine Needle to Use?”

  1. Hi, I just picked up some twill bengaline fabric. It has a little bit of vertical stretch. No horizontal stretch. I’m not sure if I use a ball point needle. A universal needle?

    1. Hi please can you help writing from Nigeria.
      I purchased a mini sewing machine size 19cm x 9cm x 19cm the need broke and I have purchased different needle of 90/40 shaped at side it’s not working. What can I do I really need your help.

      1. Hi,
        I have a Brother XL-2600i. I’ll be sewing marine vinyl to redo the upholstery of my boat. What kind of twin needle should I use? And what kind of thread would go along with the needle? Usually they are thicker, and designed to handle the weather, but I’m not sure which one would work for this job.
        Thank you!

        1. Hello Thais!

          I suggest checking with Brother to confirm your machine can handle this type of project. I would hate for it to get damaged.

        2. I bought some petal signature cotton fabric to use for the pet bandanas I make, but the fabric is quite tough. I’m having trouble finding the right settings/needle with my machine. Brother XM2701. Any advice would be super helpful!

          1. Hello Beatrix! In order to advise you, please contact us with your make and model of your machine and we will be happy to make some recommendations. Our number is 888-824-1192.

              1. I have a singer 31K15 industrial machine. I need to sew double duck using a heavy linen thread, please could you tell me which type of needle I should use.

              1. Hello Marie!

                Per Schmetz, when sewing nylon, it is recommended to use a Universal or Microtex needle. Size 14 would be a great option to start with; however, if it is heavy nylon, you may benefit from a size 16.

              1. Hello Sandra! We appreciate you reaching out to us. I am sorry to report, I too, was unable to pull up any manuals with that brand. I suggest bringing it to a local technician. Maybe they could try a variety and find you something through trial and error. I am sorry I did not have any information for you.

                1. Hello Delva!

                  To better assist you, please call us with your make and model of your machine. Once we have that information, we will be able to give you a recommendation. Our number is 888-824-1192.

                  1. Hello I hace a GK357B stretch sewing machine and I would like to know what type of neddle should I buy for it. I would appreciate your answer . Thank you

                2. Hi, love this article about needles…i have an old kenmore model 385 1884180 & would like to know if i van use a tein needle on it…there is nothing in the manual regarding twin needles. Tku

                3. Hello, I would like to ask a question about what size and type of needle to use when sewing 100% Polyester ribbon on to 100% Polyester webbing. The machine I use is a New Home Memory Craft 5500. Thank You

                4. Hi, you’re site is so helpful! I am also sewing with Rigilene onto a cotton/polyester fabric. My machine is a Pfaff Tiptronic 1171. What kind of needle would I use? I read the Threads article and understand that I will need to sew the Rigilene along the sides.

                5. Thanks for your anticipated Help. I have a Singer 45 and I’m using Nel 18/4 thread for leatherwork what Needle do you recommend, I’m using Schmetz NM:160 Size:23 at present but not sure this is correct.

                  1. Hello Mel,

                    I have been unable to pull up a manual for your machine. This is where the needle information is listed. If possible, can you email a picture of an old package of needles that you are currently using? Our email is Thank you!

                6. Thanks for your anticipated help. I have a Singer 45 sewing machine and NeL18/4 thread, what size needle do you recommend please. It’s for leather work.

                  1. Hello Mel! Thank you for contacting us. I have been unable to locate a manual for your machine (this is where the needle system is mentioned). I suggest contacting the manufacturer. They may be able to assist you further. We appreciate you reaching out to us.

                7. What an amazing site you have! I have a Juki DDL-8700. Is it possible to sew heavy nylon webbing? I want to make a cargo net but not sure if this machine is heavy enough. What needle /thread combinations should I try? Thanks so much!

                8. Hi there,

                  I have a 2003 Singer overlock model 14T948DS. Im having a hell of a time trying to figure out why my mechanic (whose serviced it before and never informed me of) insists i was using the wrong needles. THIS WHOLE TIME-why this confused me alot I trusted her advice and started using ORGAN DB x 1 90/14 needles (which are round at the shaft) Im pretty sure they are for an industrial overlock. now im struggling for an answer regarding what the manual suggests (2020/14 needle system) which i had always used whatever needle that had a shaft with a flat side. Im trying to figure out why she would suggest a DB needle, why not a DP needle, why not just a regular sewing needle and what in the world is a 2020/14?! Its been a reliable work horse since 2003, bought new. Im feeling like my mechanic is messing with me. HELP!

                  1. Sewing a heavier fabric like Sunbrella can damage a machine, so before working with it, I would suggest contacting the manufacturer to see if they believe your machine could handle it.

                9. I’m confused by the different denim needles! I’ve always just used Schmetz 100/16 but when I was looking at Schmetz needles online today, I saw 70/10, 80/12, 90/14, 110/18 and 4.0/100 as well! Now I don’t know if I’m using the right size, lol. I generally sew through 2 layers of denim but it can be as much as 4 to 6 when going over seams or even 8 when doing handles for bags

                  1. The lower the number, the lighter the fabric; the higher the number, the heavier the fabric. Generally, with denim, you will use a 16 or higher (unless it is very light denim).

                    I hope this helps.

                10. I am sewing woven polypropylene material to make reusable bags. what needle should I use, and what thread? I don’t know if it matters what sewing machine I am using or not, but I have a Brother LX2763. I am sorta new to sewing and am still trying to figure out everything. I had no idea there were this many types of needles and so many different types of thread! I am feeling a little overwhelmed….

                  1. Your machine takes a universal needle (130/705H). When sewing on woven material, a good needle option is a Microtex:
                    As for thread, that would be a preference; however, I prefer a good quality cotton thread. You can view what we offer via the link:
                    I hope this helps!

                    1. Marianne Campbell

                      Hi I am sewing canvass reenactment tents in 10.5 or 12 ounce. So what type of needle should I use and can a regular sewing machine handle that type of fabric.Many thanks

                      1. When sewing canvas, it is generally not recommended to use a home machine for a thicker canvas. I recommend speaking with the manufacturer of your machine and they will be able to tell you what your machine is capable of. As for needles, please contact us at 888-824-1192 with your make and model of your machine and we will be happy to look that up for you.

                    2. Vanessa O Russell

                      Hi there. I am not great at sewing (understatement!) and am crocheting these little tiny sweaters for orphaned kittens. I have to sew velcro strips in several places to close the sweaters but its just not going well. When I get done sewing I look at the underside and it is a mess! Like two feet of thread just hanging and wound up between all the stitches. What size needle should I be using ? I am using a Brother LS-2000 machine and I believe the needle in it is the one that came with the machine (I got it secondhand.) Any other tips as well for sewing velcro onto yarn sweaters?

                      1. Hello Vanessa!
                        What a great project! I have not sewn on yarn myself and in doing some research, I was unable to pull up a suggestion. I am sorry I am unable to assist you.

                      2. Use a backer strip on the other side of the yarn. Basically you would be sandwiching the yarn between the Velcro and backer strip. Make the backer strip twice as large as you need it to be then neatly trim it after you have seen it.
                        Hope this helps
                        The Upholstery Guy

                    3. Hello
                      I am new to sewing and am working on a petticoat skirt. I bought Rigilene Boning but my needle is not sewing through it. Plsssss what size of needle can I use. Thank u

                      1. Hi Seun! Below is a link to a great article from Threads Magazine about sewing boning. It is generally not recommended to sew through boning, only next to it. There is a Rigilene Boning that you can sew directly on, but it is not as common:

                        The needle you use will depend on the fabric you are sewing and the model of sewing machine you have. If you would like help determining which one to use, please give us a call and we will be happy to assist you. Our number is 888-824-1192.

                    4. I’m not sure what size needle to use on fabric I purchased for patio pillows. The only description I have of the fabric is: 100% polyester, indoor/outdoor, medium weight. Appreciate any suggestions. Thanks!

                    5. Hi. If I could get advice on what needle to use for my project that’d be amazing please, I’m sewing fluting lines of Lycra for some shorts for my graduate collection, it at thickest it’s 3 layers of foil Lycra, I’ve tried normal universal needles, ballpoint needles and stretch needles and they all continue to skip alot of stitches, I’ve tried different stretch needle brands and sizes – 90/14 and 75/14 and had the same problem with all of them, I wondered if you would be able to recommend anything else to me please? Thanks

                    6. I am trying to make dog collars and when sewing through webbing and fabric, the needle keeps jamming and falling out. I am using a 110 needle on a Bernina 1230 sewing machine, what am I doing wrong? I have managed to make 3 but every time it has come out at the same point (when doing a box x stitch and reverse stitch). I haven’t done much sewing so not sure about different settings etc or is my machine not up to it? I would be grateful for any advice! Thanks 🙂

                    7. Hi there! I’m just starting to sew and I’ve broken two needles in as many days 🙁 I broke them both trying to do the same stitch on my machine which makes me think it might be that I’m using the wrong needle for the stitch? The stitch itself looks similar to an overlock but isn’t if that makes sense? It also could have been the fact that I was using a 90/14 needle on denim . Both needles came with my brother machine so I’m sure it isn’t the needle itself. I could have been pulling in the fabric too hard? I have almost zero experience so trying to guess is a but like a shot in the dark. If anyone could help me figure this out I’d be grateful!

                        1. Hy I have just purchased a Brother DB2-B755 -3 to repair boat canvice . Can you give me the correct needles to you sed and Bobbins as well .I have got thread to use which is IPCABOND CB40. 3000MTR COL301 cal11583 100% paterson. Sorry for all the numbers but don’t no which one is relive nt. As new to this . But have to tray as prices are to hay to get them repairs. All help would be aprishiated .thanks David.

                          1. You probably had the tension too tight and it had nothing to do with the needle. Try to relax/loosen your tension and try it again. Many different stitches will need a bit looser tension. Happy learning, I hope you love it!
                            Good luck!

                          2. Catherine Yalung

                            Hello! My son is coming home from the Air Force this weekend and has asked me to sew his new rank on his battle dress (the casual camo uniform). Because it’s a heavier fabric, I’m wondering what needle to use on my Singer Patchwork. Do you have a recommendation?

                          3. Im having a hard time embroidering on a polo pique golf shirt… Currently I’m using a 90/14 stretch needle and cutaway stabilizer. What needle should I really be trying?

                                1. I have a singer 78-1 that I plan to use for upolstery mostly vinyl and wsnt th o use text 90 and 138 poly threads. Says it takes a 16/100 needle..will that work ?

                                  1. Hello Rick!
                                    The manual will provide the needle/thread information compatible with your machine. Unfortunately, I do not have access to your manual so I am unable to confirm if the combination you wish to use will work. I suggest contacting the manufacturer, Singer.

                                2. Hi, I’m making a one piece gown using lycra fabric & It seems hard to stitch. Please help me ti choose a proper needle for household purpose usha machine.

                                3. Hello, I recently inherited my Grandmother’s vintage New Home Model 170 J-A2 machine. It’s been a long time since I watched her sew. I’m looking for needles so I can sew the following items: quilting (both piecing and eventually quilting), denim/work pants (cutting them down to make cargo shorts), recovering cushions from our camper so I’m hoping to attempt naugahyde or canvas, and from the way it sews my newer machine may become envious, so I suspect I may find other things to sew as well. And because I’m falling in love with this machine I’d like to find out what bobbins would fit the machine as well. I understand New Home is made by Janome but I wasn’t sure if the newer bobbins fit the older machines. Thank you kindly.

                                  1. I am very sorry, but we do not have any information on your New Home machine to find the parts to fit. We do have generic universal needles on our site that could work, we are just not able to guarantee them. You can view those different needles below:




                                  2. Congratulations on your new machine! The New Home and Janome companies have merged, combining lots of expertise in machine making and in software. If you machine is anything like the ones I have used, you have a gem. The easiest way to identify the needles and bobbins you need is to take a photo of your machine, and take the photo, a needle that works, and a bobbin that works, with you to a sewing machine shop. They will help you identify what will work. Probably, new needles will work fine, but there are a couple kinds of bobbin; you just need to know which kind is best for your machine.

                                4. I’m making microwave bowl holders using 100% cotton material, 100% natual cotton batting and 100% cotton thread, please tell me what size sewing maching needle to I use?

                                5. I’m machine embroidering/appliquéing on a blanket that is 100% polyester/fleece kind of stuff. Which needle do you recommend?

                                6. When sewing vinyl, what is the best needle to use. Singer machine. Currently using 160/23 but I am having a lot of issues with skip stitching. Thank you

                                7. Hi! I have a Singer 44S and will be making a baptism dress out of a satin wedding gown. What kind of needle sews best with satin, and is there a best kind of thread to use with satin? I have 100 percent polyester right now.

                                8. Hi I have a juki overlock industrial machine and have tried to sew sequine fabric but it keeps braking my needles and damaging my machine . When I see that other companies are making these garments in mass I just cant understand why my needles keep braking can you recommend which needles in need to buy. Many thanks Dalah

                                      1. Hello there, I am sewing cotton fabric onto bath towels and hand towels. What is the best needle for this type of job?
                                        Much Aloha, Craig.

                                        1. A Universal Needle is suggested when sewing on Terry Cloth. To provide you with a specific needle, we will need the make and model of your machine. Please call us or email us with this information and we will be happy to assist you.

                                      2. What size would be best for sewing through elastic and flannel? I had a new 90/14 break last night when making the band on some pj bottoms. I didn’t think it was too thick. One layer of elastic and one layer of flannel. I was doing a zig zag stitch with my zig zag foot. Thank you.

                                            1. Hello Karin! I am sorry, but we do not have that information. I would suggest contacting Kenmore directly at 888-536-6673 for more information.

                                          1. I am sewing a stage curtain where I have to sew jute to the top to finish 16oz commando cloth curtain (this is where it will hang from grommets) and do a bottom hem. Looking for type and size needle input. Haven’t sew in a long time and am helping make new theater curtains for our stage (only black side curtains noting fancy that is for the pros).

                                            1. I am successfully using a stretch needle on jersey material but now wonder what to use when inserting the zipper ( it has a cotton tape)

                                          2. Hi! So glad to have found your page. I am attempting a weighted lap blanket and will use a light knit with a lightweight flannel. I have my mother’s old New Home machine and would like to have the proper needle for the project — and of course one that is appropriate to this machine, on which the needle has not been replaced in a very long time! Your advice is much appreciated.

                                          3. Hello, I’m so grateful for this blog. I’ve had a lot of questions answered and appreciate all the information. I’m working on a project, making tailored preemie cloth diapers for International low-income households and would like to know what size needle, presser foot and tension to use for the elastic thread on cotton gauze (diaper) fabric.

                                          4. I recently purchased a White jeans machine 4075 model that did not come with a needle. I searched this website and a list of products came up that said “guaranteed to work with your White 4075”. I bought denim needles 15×1 janome #990416000 and Chrome denim/jeans needles, Schmetz (5pk) and NEITHER will fit in my machine. I unscrewed the tightening screw all the way and they just will not go in any way i turn them. What gives?

                                          5. I do alterations and a bridesmaids dress has come in that is a polyester mesh. I have tried every needle I could think of but none work. The machine ends up eating the fabric. Any suggestions?

                                          6. I have a Brother LX 3817 machine and am not sure which type of needles it requires – I keep getting the site to purchase machine rather than the needle when I try their website. I have primarily been using fleece and cotton/polyester blends, so I can see that you suggest the and universal needles, but I would like to know which specifically, to purchase. A link would be most appreciated.

                                            I would also like to add that your page simply astounded me when I read it. Every issue I have had seems to be answered on this one page–and I have been to a LOT of different Youtube and Google sites looking for answers of how to resolve my issues! I have been having a lot of trouble with my machine bunching the underneath stiches and making a mess! It worked perfectly when I started but later I had troubles. This is my second sewing machine and I had the same issues with the first (more of a child sized machine). I now realize that I hadn’t been changing the needle per project, nor per fabric. I really hope this helps solve the issue.

                                            Thank you so very, very much for this page,

                                            1. Hello Amber! Thank you so much for your kind words. We do appreciate it and we strive to be better. However, we do not have any information on your Brother machine to confirm what type of needle goes with the machine. It most likely uses the standard universal needles. I cannot guarantee this but it would be the best option I can suggest. Size 90/14 would be the best one to use. You can view those needles below:


                                              I hope this helps!

                                          7. My mom has a mink coat that she want to repurpose into a shawl, would she need to use a leather needle for that. She has a White not sure of the model, and i have a Brother cp7500.

                                          8. I would like to sew a fleece blanket with a Satin Binding. What kind of Needle is the best for the different materials I have a Singer 3321 Talent. I also could not find proper information what kind of needles I can use for this Machine and how to find the right needles. I am a Beginner and a bit lost with all the information but still not finding an answer to my questions. Can you help please?

                                            Kind regards


                                          9. Hi, I am wanting to make a dog collar. I have binding and ribbon – at times I will be seeing through 2 sets of binding. Which kind of needle would you suggest?

                                            1. Hello Hans!
                                              The system of needle would depend on your make and model of machine. However, if your machine takes a Universal 130/705H needle, it is recommended to use a Denim or Leather needle in the size of 100/16 or 110/18 for your project.

                                              Below are some links:
                                              Have a great day.

                                            2. Hello! I’ve been searching to no end and my local craft store seems to either be seriously lacking in knowledge or not paying attention to me to understand my question.

                                              A SINGER 534 was passed down to me and I’m still very new to learning and using. I need to replace the needle. With the age of the machine is that something I’m going to need to special order, or will the standard universal needles sold in stores work?

                                            3. Hello, I would be so grateful for advice ! I have a Pfaff select 4.2 and want to sew through 1 or 2 layers of bike tire inner-tubes. The tube feeds perfectly through the foot of my machine, the needle goes through the inner tube, but I get no stitches ! I’ve tried Schmetz leather, Microtex and universal needles of different types, Gutermann universal and extra strong thread, sewing fast, sewing slow, using brand new needles, re-threading the machine, different tension – always the same result – holes in the rubber tube but no stitch. Am I using the wrong needle ? Would a jeans or special needle be better or is my Pfaff not the right machine to do this ? Thank you so much for your help.

                                            4. Hi,

                                              We just bought my 13 year old niece a 1967 Prestige by Brother (also known as Pacesetter I think) and I want to get her started with enough sewing machine needles and bobbins. Would you know which needles would work for this machine as well as what size bobbin?

                                              Thank you,


                                            5. Need replacement Needle M-1148 (as stated in owner’s manual: for my Bell Portable sewing machine. I hope you can help me. Thank you, Janice Wright

                                              1. Hello Janice. I am very sorry to report that, unfortunately, we do not have those needles available. Please accept our apologies.

                                            6. Hi. I need to shorten some heavier curtains – 98% polyester/2% linen. I think I’ll need a size 18 needle but am wondering what type? Would universal be okay?

                                            7. Sarah – I just sent you this request but neglected to say I am sewing on a Juki DDL-8700. My question is which needle to use for a current project. I am sewing a panel of (unwashed) ‘Linen-Cotton Canvas Ultra’ – it is woven from 55% linen and 45% combed cotton – 6.2 oz per square yard; Thread Count: 100 x 48 – which needle size would you suggest? Thank you so much for your advice. Leigh

                                              1. Hi Sarah,
                                                Thank you for your support. I am making a panel from (unwashed) ‘Linen-Cotton Canvas Ultra’ – woven from 55% linen and 45% combed cotton – 6.2 oz per square yard
                                                Thread Count: 100 x 48 — What needle would you suggest as appropriate? Thanks again.

                                                1. Hi Sarah,
                                                  I’m sewing approximately 2 mm thick neoprene fabric, but am somewhat limited on needle size and type- would it be better to use a denim 12/80, 18/110, or a leather 16/100?

                                                  1. Hi Anna!

                                                    I would recommend the size 18. As for the denim or leather, either should work fine since they both intended for thicker fabrics. What is the make and model of your machine and I will be happy to see what we offer?

                                                2. Hi Sarah, I hope you can help. I have a Bernina 330 and I’m wondering if it’s true I have to buy my needles at Bernina? Are all needle interchangeable? I think the ones they have are more expensive and I’m just wondering. Besides they aren’t open on Sunday and I want to sew. 🙂 Thank you!

                                                  1. Hello, Diane. Bernina would like you to buy everything at their store but needles are made by several excellent companies. You want needles of the same length as the ones that came with your machine, probably the universal length of the Schmetz, Organ, and Klasse needles. I recently learned that if you plan to sew a lot you can save money by buying larger quantities of needles. The small packets of five or six needles cost about $1 per needle, but you can buy a box of 100 for under $30. Happy sewing! PS You should always have a few extra needles to finish the projects that end at 1 a.m. when nothing is open for business. And you just broke your very last needle.

                                                3. I’m having a hard time with finding the right needle and/or foot for making projects with Terry cloth and cloth diapers along with flannel and muslin gauze material. The thread bunches up on the bottom and skips stitches on the top of both the terry cloth and the cloth diapers. I’m using the foot and needle that came with my Brother LX2763. I’ve tried the different tensions and still to no avail, stil not working. need HELP.

                                                  1. Hello Shelly, I don’t know if you figured out a solution but thought I could offer a couple of suggestions. First I think a thorough cleaning may be in order. Remove the bobbin compartment and clean every piece with a Q-Tip and a very small drop of machine oil, 3 in 1 or similar. The oil weight is critical. Wipe everything to be certain the oil is removed. Second, try to find some sewing paper or lightweight tracing paper. Then use the paper between the fabric and the faceplate. The paper provides a smooth surface and the terry won’t get pushed into the bobbin case. Also, make sure your needle is very sharp. Best Wishes.

                                                4. I’m a beginner sewer and I just have a cheap SQ9185 Brother machine. I’m just using it for small craft projects. I’m making the microwave bowl pot holder and having a hard time going thru the thickness of two layers of cotton fabric and two layers of batting. Especially when I come to the area’s of the darts…..I’m thinking I might not be using the correct needle? I have bent two needles so far. One that came on the machine, so I’m not sure what that was. The 2nd one (100/16) did ok at 1st. But now it has bent also……HELPPPPPPPP. 🙂 Please

                                                5. Hello,
                                                  I just brought a Janome HD-1000. What brand of needles are compatible with my machine (besides Janome)? Or do I have to use only Janome brand? I’m having the toughest time finding this information any where.


                                                6. hello i own an usha roopa family sewing machine. can this machine can be used for strtch fabrics. what are the requirements

                                                  1. Hi Jency!

                                                    Thank you for checking out our blog. I am sorry to report, I am unable to find any information on your machine.

                                                7. Hi, I have a basic Kenmore machine and want to sew with #4 yarn to sew a knitted handle on to a kitchen towel. Is there a needle that would do that? I am having trouble sewing it by hand.

                                                  Thank you.


                                                8. Hello, I’m new to sewing but have been gifted a Pfaff Creative Vision 5.0, so I have a machine that can do WAY more than I know how to handle at this point, although I’m very motivated to learn. Thank you for this incredibly informative post and replying to all the comments – wow! I am hoping you can help with a recommendation for the project I am working on. I’m sewing together a layer of Moda fabric, then a layer of Insul-Bright (Warm Company), a layer of Insul-Shine (Warm Company) and then another thin cotton fabric. I have been testing pieces using a Schmetz Universal needle and all-purpose Coats thread. If I sew only with the Insul-Bright, it works fine. If I add in the Insul-Shine layer, which has a reflective layer on the outside, the needle jumps and the top thread breaks and is shredded at the break point. Would changing the needle and thread type help? If you have any recommendations, I’d be so grateful!

                                                9. I have a brother ST531HD and I want to use size 207 thread to sew through milspec resin treated nylon webbing (type 13). Is that possible? If not, what is the largest thread and corresponding needle sizes I can use with my machine?

                                                  1. When sewing nylon webbing, it is recommended to use a leather needle; however, I do not have a manual of your machine to confirm the system of needle it takes. We do carry a variety of heavy duty thread. Please call us at 888-824-1192 so we can get some details from you. With additional information, we can better provide suggestions for you.

                                                10. i need information on the proper size needles for a pfaff 145-h4 machine. i mostly sew leathers and vinyls. also where can i purchase a variety pack to try out the different sizes. i would like to use schmetz.

                                                11. Margaret Clitheroe

                                                  Ok so I’m doing a few projects one of which is sewing a heavy brocade to a nice velvet and another is completely chiffon. I have 70/10, 80/12, and 110/18. I don’t know if I have time to get more needles for these projects. Will any of these needles work?

                                                  1. CustomerService

                                                    Yes, absolutely! For the heavy brocade, you can use sizes 60-90, for velvet use sizes 70-90, and for chiffon size 60 and 70. You have all the needles you need!

                                                12. I am totally delayed on a project to make slipcovers (canvas -med 12lb weight) for my sofa and chairs, but I am stumped on the type and size needles to get, as well as the thread type and size (bonded nylon/poly, 69, etc) I’ll need for both the machine and serger. I’ve been all over the place with this and am so confused. I will be using a Juki HZL-G110 for the covers, and serging using a Juki MO-1000. Any help you can offer is appreciated.

                                                  Thank you,

                                                  1. CustomerService

                                                    Hello Auset!

                                                    Both of your machines take a 130/705H needle. For your project, I recommend using a Schmetz Jeans needle. A size 16 should work well.

                                                    As for the thread, depending on the circumstances, different thread would be suggested. If you can please give us a call, we would like to clarify details- such as:

                                                    1.) Will this cover be indoors or outdoors?

                                                    Our number is 888-824-1192. We will be happy to assist you!

                                                13. I have a few questions! I am planning to sew an Ice skating dress by scratch with 4-way stretch Spandex (a.k.a. LYCRA) using My Juki MO-644D Serger to do most of the work. I also plan to appliqué a ‘flame’ design (this flame design is Spandex as well) onto the dress using my normal Sewing Machine (Viking Emerald). I’m so confused whether to use a Stretch Needle or a Ballpoint Needle (is there such thing as a Stretch Ballpoint needle?) My questions are:

                                                  1.) Stretch Needle or a Ballpoint Needle? Which would be better for sewing an Ice Skating Dress?
                                                  2.) What size?
                                                  3.) What good brands are there that could fit both of my machines?

                                                  I hope you can help, because all of the information that I am currently learning about this is a bit overwhelming! Thank you in advance and I look forward to your response!

                                                  1. Hi Allie!
                                                    Stretch Needle and Ballpoint Needle are similar in the fact that they both have a rounded tip; however, the Stretch Needle has a larger eye. This produces less friction.
                                                    With your project, I would recommend using the Stretch Needle- size 14.
                                                    The Juki MO-644D and the Viking Emerald 116 both use the 130/705H needle system.
                                                    Stretch needle:
                                                    Ballpoint needle:
                                                    I normally recommend Schmetz. I hope this helps!

                                                    1. Thank you so much, you have no idea how much I appreciate this! May I also ask about presser feet and needle plates? Will I need a specific Presser foot and Needle plate to sew spandex? (I read somewhere that I might need a “Straight Stitch Needle Plate” for both my Serger and my Juki Machine?) If I do, any brand recommendations would be much appreciated again! 🙂

                                                      1. CustomerService

                                                        A straight stitch plate and a straight stitch foot for your sewing machine would be very helpful; however, these accessories (if available for your model) are specific to the machine. Please give us a call at 888-824-1192 with your make and model and we will be happy to see if they are available.

                                                        1. Oops, I just noticed a typo in my latest reply (but I think you caught it!). I meant to put, “(I read somewhere that I might need a “Straight Stitch Needle Plate” for both my Serger and my Viking Emerald SewingMachine?)”.

                                                          You mention that a straight stitch needle plate and foot will be good for my Viking Emerald. So does that mean my Juki Serger MO-644D’s plate and foot will be fine the way it is (the way it came out of the box) as I sew the ice skating dress (made of spandex)? No spandex will get snatched? If the answer is that it may get snatched, are there ways to combat this?

                                                          Will a straight stitch needle plate and foot for my Emerald Viking sewing machine be good for appliquéing though? (I will only be doing appliqué with my Viking). I assume the Straight Stitch Plate and Straight Stitch Foot would cause me to only stitch in a straight line, is that right? I will be sewing an appliqué flame design onto my my dress which will require me to curve the fabric a lot as I sew, so I am a little worried that the plate and foot wouldn’t work with what I have to do. However, I still do not want any spandex to get snatched. Are there any DIY methods to prevent spandex from getting snatched?

                                                          Also….(Sorry I am asking so many questions!) is Stretchy Wooly Nylon thread good to use when sewing AND appliquéing with spandex? I recently saw on an ice skating pattern that suggested getting 100% polyester. But everywhere on the internet everyone highly suggests Stretchy Wooly Nylon Thread.


                                                      2. Hi there! What kind of sewing needle would you recommend to sew through boning. I keep breaking needles on the Laceeis Original Corset, which involves sewing through boning.


                                                        1. Hi Sophia! Below is a link to a great article from Threads Magazine about sewing boning. It is generally not recommended to sew through boning, only next to it. There is a Rigilene Boning that you can sew directly on, but it is not as common:

                                                          The needle you use will depend on the fabric you are sewing and the model of sewing machine you have. If you would like help determining which one to use, please give us a call and we will be happy to assist you. Our number is 888-824-1192.

                                                        1. Hello sarah,im using singer electronic 8280 machine.can u please suggest proper needle please.i usually stitch cotton;but some times i have to stitch tracks of my boys.will b very happy to get a suggestion.

                                                      3. Hi, I make custom leather products. I have come into possession of a Singer 201-2 and a Singer 15K90. I plan to do some light weight to medium weight sewing with them. I want to be able to use 138 size thread so that the stitching is visible and with suede won’t cut into the suede. What size/brand of needle would you recommend?

                                                      4. Hi Sarah,
                                                        I have a Singer sewing machine. I am making a lightweight rain coat. Clear plastic on the outside and lightweight material on the inside. What size needle should I use? Thanks!!

                                                      5. Dear Sarah,
                                                        I need to make a splint with my serger and sew neoprene onto elastic. Would I just use regular overlocker needles? Would I use three or four threads? Thanks so much ❤️

                                                        1. I suggest a denim needle size 100/16 if the neoprene is 2-3 mm thick, which is the standard thickness. The amount of threads you want to use is totally up to you!

                                                      6. Hi. I have a Brother XL-3010 and I am going to attempt to reupholster my boat seats. Can this sewing machine handle the project with the right needle or do I need an upgrade?

                                                        1. Hello Mickey! I am sorry, but I would not recommend using that model for upholstery. I would suggest a heavy duty/commercial machine. I hope this helps!

                                                      7. Hi I have a singer Start 6-Stitch Sewing Machine and am making collars for my puppies using webbing. what size needle should i use? i have 90/14 needles and am wondering if that will work?

                                                        1. My old bernina finally bit the dust. I have a huge stash of schmetz needles. Can I safely use them in my new singer 9960?

                                                          1. Hello Peggy. That would depend on the model number of your Bernina machine. What is the model number of your Bernina and I can check on that?

                                                        2. I have a Singer simple 2263 sewing machine.
                                                          What needle and size do I need to sew cotton lycra (knit) fabrics? The gsm on those fabrics range from 220-280 gsm.
                                                          What needle and size do I need to sew cotton (woven) fabric? These fabrics would be 100% cotton.
                                                          What needle and size would I use for flannel, fleece, and minky fabrics?
                                                          I know I need a walking foot for the knit fabrics, but do you know of any other feet I would need to purchase?
                                                          Do you know how I would do a faux-serger stitch? I saw one thing on Google about needing a special foot. Do you know if that is true?

                                                          1. Hello Alexis! You can view the needles for the different types of fabric you have in the links below:

                                                            Knit: (Size 70/10)
                                                            Cotton: (Size 90/14)
                                                            Flannel: (Size 90/14)
                                                            Fleece: (Size 90/14)
                                                            Minky: (Size 90/14)

                                                            The walking foot would be the perfect foot to use for sewing knit! This would be the only foot I recommend. The foot that you would need to sew a faux-serger stitch is the overcast foot. You can view that foot for your machine via the link below:


                                                            I hope this helps!!

                                                        3. Hi I have a Brother SE400 I am trying to embroider a simple design containing 4641 stitches with a stitch area of 3.37″ x 3.07 inches. I will be using a 4 x 4 hoop that comes with the brother. I will be embroidering the design onto a dish towel made out of flour sac material. It is very thin material. Would you use tear away stabilizer? Standard thickness? Which needle would you use? Do you know how long it would take for the machine to stitch dish? From time of pushing the button until finish? This will be my 1st embroidery attempt, so I have many questions. Thank you for all your help.

                                                          1. Hello Yvonne, I would recommend a size 11 needle and using heave cut away stabilizer. As for the time, That would all depend on your machine. My machine would take about 15-20 minutes.

                                                        4. Hi Sarah,
                                                          hich type and size needle would be appropriate
                                                          For sewing curtain fabric 16 ounce Belgium cotton velvet (velour).

                                                        5. Hi! I have a Singer 2517 and want to sew collars for my puppies. Polywebbing is what I am looking at using. What needle would you recommend? Thank you!

                                                            1. Hello I have a Singer stylist zig zag 477 and I am curious if it is capable of working with marine grade vinyl as well as making the welting seams and joining then to the additional 2 pieces of material for an entire boat interior. If so would a #18 work as this is the largest the machine can accept?

                                                              1. Hello Cody! I am sorry, but we do not have any information on the specifics and capabilities of that machine. I would actually suggest contacting Singer directly at 1-800-474-6437. I am sorry I do not have more information.

                                                              2. Hello….I’m trying to complete an oven mitt project…sewing thru 2 layers of insul-bright needle punched insulated lining…1 lightweight cotton and 1 thermal heat resistant material…i broke 3 needles…its been years since I’ve sewn but never have i sewn anything this think…thank you.. Any advice is appreciated

                                                                1. Hello, I own a Jade 20 by Husqvarna Viking what size needle do I need to use and it also has a Twin size needle what size should I use as well. Thank you

                                                                  1. The size of the needle you want to use depends on the material that you will be sewing on. The needle system that your machine uses is 130/705h. Size 12 or 14 is the most common and all-purpose needle size. Twin needles will use the same needle system but the size that you need to look for is measured by the space in between the two needles. You can view our needle chart via this link:

                                                                  2. We inherited a 29K31 Singer antique sewing machine and a 42-5 Singer antique sewing machine. We have been unable to gind any help inquiring needles, thread and bobbins. We are hoping to use these machines for horse blanket repairs and light leather repairs. We will be using these machines for personal use only! ! Thank you in advance for any help you can provide us.

                                                                    1. I was able to find a little information on the two machines. The 29k31 uses bobbin #82552. It can be purchased via the following link: The needle system it takes is 29×4. Unfortunately we do not sell these; however, if you type in the needle system on google, you should be able to find them. For the Singer 42-5, they use bobbin #014535, but they have been discontinued. The needle system it takes is 16×64 (specifically for leather). We do not sell these needles either. For sewing leather and horse blankets, I suggest either Fil-tec or Coats and Clark. Fil-tec is more heavy duty industrial type whereas Coats and Clark is heavy duty home sewing. These can also be viewed/purchased via the following links: and

                                                                  3. Hello!
                                                                    I recently sorted all my machine needles and came across an odd one, a Singer 70/3. The 70 indicates for use on finely woven fabrics, but what does the 3 tell me, please?

                                                                    1. Hi Judi! I do not see that the Size 70 needles have a 3 listed next to that on our site. I am not aware of what that might mean. On our site, Size 70 needles are also known as size 10. I am sorry I do not have more information!

                                                                  4. Hi Sarah, I just purchased a Janome Memory Elite 500E and would like to know which needles to use to emborider with on towels. It came with a package of Organ 11 14 needles, but I don’t know what fabric they would be for.

                                                                  5. I have an industrial machine PFAFF 463 and I’ve bought so many different needle sizes even what the shops suggested and nothing fits. they are too long and gets stuck or break once i turn the wheel. any suggestions? I broke and lost the previous needle so i can’t compare it with anything else. Trying to get help before i call the technician!

                                                                  6. Hi Sarah
                                                                    Love your site. I just got a Kenmore 158-1303 in like new condition and I’m having trouble sewing with it. I have a lot of System 15 needles but they are considerably shorter (about 1/4″) than the needle length illustrated in the Kenmore manual for this machine. It’s a photocopied manual so it’s possble that it has been enlarged. Does this machine use a different needle system and, if so, is it still possible to get needles for it? Thanks. John


                                                                    1. I have a husqvarna viking designer 2 sewing machine. What size needle do I sew Chenille with. Also what weight threat do I use. Thank you in advance.

                                                                        1. Hi, I make wigs and I own a Brother XL2600i. My needle just recently broke and I have no idea where to find the same needles that were included with the kit. The ones I have were called “Einfache Na del, 3stk”… I don’t know of any other needles that are compatible with it. Please it!!

                                                                        2. Hi there I just bought a second hand singer 491 d300ga, for my business. It sews thicker fabrics such as leather and came with fairly chunky needles, however in my job I usually sew lycra and scuba too, and not sure what needles to purchase. I understand a ballpoint, but which would be compatible with the machine.

                                                                            1. Hi Sarah

                                                                              Sorry i’m sending such a long message, but we really do need help, really hoping you could help us.

                                                                              I’m trying to help my sister set up her overlocker, we are both newbies to these types of machines I have one at home which sews great and has no problems. My sister is a completely different story, she purchased a Singer Overlocker machine model 14Sh754 over 3 years ago and never used it until I came to stay.

                                                                              Unfortunately we cannot get the machine to sew anything as we cannot set the tension properly, we know it’s threaded correctly that’s the one thing we have managed to sort. We have read loads of blogs and articles on setting the tension but cannot sort it out, I’ve spoken to a friend who lives elsewhere and she suggested we might have the wrong size needles fitted as she had been aware this has been a problem with this model. She suggested we try a size 2058 for this machine, which I’ve not been able source. I’ve seen a 2054 but these seem to be recommended for other models.

                                                                              The needles in the machine were factory fitted and are Cat No: 2022. The machine was purchased from Lidl on one of their offers.

                                                                              Could you please suggest what the problem may be before we take the machine into a shop for full service etc or just use it as a door stop.

                                                                              Kindest regards Pauline

                                                                            2. Hi Sarah,
                                                                              I also wanted to know does any needle work on any sewing machine. I have a Kenmore sewing machine that was passed down to me. I can’t seem to find a manual for it any where. Do you have any advice?

                                                                            3. Hi Sarah,
                                                                              I have a question what size needle for a Kenmore sewing machine should I use to sow some simple things. Things like pillow cases, cotton cloth for shorts?

                                                                            4. I can’t sew draw materials on my machine except I attach paper to the seam line, and whenever I sew adding paper to the seam line the outcome doesn’t please me at all. It sometimes too rough and thread always cut during the process of sewing times without number

                                                                                1. Need to know which needle system and size for a seam master fa695. Plan to sew marine vinyl. I inherited the machine without the manual.

                                                                                  1. Hi! I don’t have any information on that machine. The manual should list the needle system your machine uses. Do you see any numbers or letters indicating the needle system in your manual?

                                                                                    1. I have a 78-1 Vintage industrial Singer machine. I want to sew canvas and vinyl for a pontoon boat cover. I watched a video on you-tube that talked about a 16×99 class needle. Can you explain the differences in needles and suggest a needle type I should use? I have already purchased (Thread V-69 Beige Polyester UV 4oz (1,350Yds)) for my project.

                                                                                      1. What type/size needle do you recommend to sew 400 denier high density coated packcloth nylon fabric and also for 1.9 oz coated ripstop nylon fabric? Thank you.

                                                                                      2. Hi Sarah – I sew on a Brother NS30 and will be sewing together 5mm thick polyester felt, firm adhesive woven interfacing and velcro fabric. What needle would you recommend I use?

                                                                                        1. Hi! I don’t have any information on that machine because it’s an international machine. I would use a universal 100/16 or even a 110/18 if it will fit your machine.

                                                                                      3. Hi! I recently acquired a brother XL-3010 sewing machine and the needle just snapped. I have no idea what size needle to put into the machine. None of the replacement needles in our costume shop seem to fit into my machine. The shaft seems to be too large. I just can’t seem to make it go into the machine. Am I using the wrong needles? All we have in the shop are Schmetz Universal 130/705 H needles in various sizes. What needles should I be using?

                                                                                        1. I also have a brother XL3010. I bought singer needles from sewing parts online for my brother and they do not fit, they are a little bit to long. I have 2 of the original needles that came with my machine when I got it. I put the needles side by side and the singer needle is a little bit longer then the organ needles 3 HAX 14 that came with my machine. I also have a brother st371hd and the singer needles are a bit to long for it. So, you might want to try the Organ needles 3 HAX 14 . Hope this helps!

                                                                                      4. Hi! I’m attempting to sew leather and denim together. Do I use a leather needle or heavy duty 110/18 needle? I don’t want my machine to struggle nor do I want to damage the denim and leather.

                                                                                        Thank you!

                                                                                      5. I have a New Home Electric Sewing Machine Zig-Zag Model NHZ that belonged to my Mother. Perfect condition and I love his machine, however, I’m not sure which needle will work and where to purchase. I know it has a long groove and a short groove.

                                                                                        1. I have a New Home machine that belonged to my grandmother. Do you know what length of needle to use? I tried universal, anf it would not work

                                                                                        2. New to sewing , I have a 1940 singer that I want to use to sew some light leather and marine fake leather, not sure on neddle sizes to thread sizes, what would be best for this machine and material?

                                                                                          1. Yes, it does. Some machines are designed to use longer needles. Using the incorrect length will damage your machine. This usually isn’t a problem, as all machines will specify the needle system it uses.

                                                                                        3. Hi Sarah, I just got my industrial coverstitch and was wondering if you could help with the right size needle. I currently have universal 14/90. I am sewing 4 way stretch with raw elastic in between. It doesnt damage the fabric and goes nicely but seems like it pulling out fabric from the inside. It is barely visible and no one would complain but me. Would you think ballpoint needle would work better and possibly different size? Thank you, Lana

                                                                                        4. Hi. I have a Singer 500A sewing machine. My current project is sewing medium/heavy corduroy with quilting cotton weight pockets. It seems to sew fine for while, then the bobbin thread starts to loop. If I need to change the needle, I don’t know which one to use for this project and other projects of various weight fabrics. I would appreciate recommendation(s) for needle sizes. Thank you.

                                                                                          1. Hi! I would think a 100/16 Universal needle would work well. You’ll need to clean lint from your bobbin case frequently though. Also – what type of thread are you using and what is your stitch length?

                                                                                        5. I’m sewing swimwear with poly Lycra on a Brother 1034D overlock machine and also on a Brother Innovis 40e . What needle would be best for both of these ?

                                                                                        6. We have an old Singer and we need a new needle. It’s a standard de4sk type machine and the only numbers as to model are AM216282. What needle do I purchase? Your first pack says standard is that correct?

                                                                                          1. Hi, Allen! We would need the model number of your machine or a picture of your machine to guarantee the correct needle. Would you please contact our customer service team at 888-824-1192? They will be able to best assist you.

                                                                                        7. I have a White sewing machine and the top thread keeps getting jammed with the bobbin thread. Am I using the wrong type needle for this machine? Do all machine needles have the same size shank so they fit any machine? I am not able to find parts that say they will fit a White sewing machine unless I look online. I live on a small town and would have to drive 1 to 2 hours to find anything. Can you help me? thanks so much

                                                                                        8. I am trying to hem a pair of lined pants. I am noticing that thread is bunching up underneath. I have played around with the tension, cleaned the dust underneath, but still it bunches. It is a layered pant with 3 linings. 1) 98% nylon 2% spandex 2) 80% cotton 20% poly 3) 100% poly. ….. Using a %100 poly thread and an universal needle ( 80/12). Any help. I am almost ready to pay someone to hem them.

                                                                                        9. Hello

                                                                                          Could you please advise me on which needle I should use for sewing 4mm thick felt? I have a Brother Innovis VQ2 sewing machine
                                                                                          Thank you so much for your help!

                                                                                        10. Hello,
                                                                                          I’m looking for a needle that can handle thick nylon webbing for dog collars. So fare the denim needle works best but i still loose too many… any needle type suggestions ?

                                                                                        11. Hello Sarah. I have a brother xl5600 and im adding sequin to a cotton dress. The sequins overlap each other and they are medium or close to medium size. It is my first time sewing with this fabric and I already broke a needle. So I would like to know what kind of needle i should use. Thank you. Its for the new year

                                                                                        12. I have a Janome 2014 which came with an assortment of needles. However, they are not color coded and the print is soooooooooo fine on them I can’t read them even with a magnifying glass. I’ve been using the needle that came with the machine but now I want to hem some stretch pants. I don’t know if there is anything in the assortment or if I need to specifically buy a stretch needle. Also would you know if Kenmore needles would fit this Janome (I have lots of them).

                                                                                        13. I have a Singer 111W150 machine that I have been using for typical upholstery projects. I have accumulated a number of leather projects, varying from light weight calf skin to heaver bridle and tack repairs or replacement. I have a little breathing room right now and am ready to venture into leather. I have been using 135×7, No 8 needles, but I have nothing that indicates which needle to use on leather. Any advice will be appreciated.

                                                                                            1. I’m afraid that I haven’t ordered needles. The machine came with a couple of dozen 135×7, No 8’s. I see above that there is a wedge shaped needle that is specifically designed for leather. How would one of those, appropriate for my machine, be designated?


                                                                                            2. I bought my mother a Euro-Pro sewing machine at least 20 years ago, from HSN. The model # is 7545. It also has STITCH ART on the front of the machine. We are looking for needles to fit her machine. She is 89 years old and uses the machine to sew seams and the occasional rod pocket curtains as she loves to “do it herself” If you could help me to make my Mom a very happy Mom.

                                                                                              1. I’m sewing satin binding onto two layers of fleece for a blanket. When I try to zig zag stitch I get skipped stitches. What’s the proper size of needle for this project? Thank you!

                                                                                                  1. Hello Sara , I want to sew leather of 2mm thickness with my singer sewing machine 8280 which needle would work better 16 or 18 thanks

                                                                                                  2. Hi Sarah
                                                                                                    I hope you can help me learn what needle is the best for my projects. I want to sew with 50 weight cotton threads (aurifil) with my cotton fabrics by (jennifer paganelli) to make doll clothes and Women’s dresses. This is new as I use to sew with cotton polyester fabrics an threads. I am just soooo confused on what is the Best Needle /Size for my cotton threads and fabrics now?? Can you give me some advice what will work best Thanks for all the great info your share on your site. Have A Great Day!

                                                                                                  3. Hi Sarah,

                                                                                                    This is such a helpful resource! I’m planning to sew an ottoman cover with this upholstery velvet from Pottery Barn’s performance “Everydayvelvet” line and wondered what size needle to use (the machine is a 2-year-old Singer). I’ve seen sizes 80/20 and 70/10 listed online but I think that’s just for normal velvet. Does 100/16 in the universal sizes for upholstery velvet sound right? Also, do you have any suggestions on the type of thread requirements (besides “upholstery”). Thank you!

                                                                                                    1. Thank you for visiting us! That Pottery Barn fabric is amazing! You definitely want to use a 100/16 universal needle and high quality, heavy duty polyester thread. It’s important you use a polyester that is 3 ply. I really love Gutermann Thread – even their all-purpose line is strong and long-lasting.

                                                                                                  4. While doing zigzag in princes cut blouses or any other dress material. niddle broke. I m having usha industrial sewing maMalchine. Currently I am using 100/16 size naiddle. please help.

                                                                                                  5. Pingback: Object: Sewing machine | Institute of Texan Cultures Collections Blog

                                                                                                  6. Thank you for the informative articles you’ve written. I have a Juki DNU-1541 and want to make repairs to bridles, harnesses and reins, and possibly do some saddle repair. When I was initially sewing heavy canvas, I used 135×17 size 22 needles with a thread labeled as Nylon 40 100% Poliamida Tex 84 BY69. I understand a tri-point needle, 135×16, is recommended for leather, using a bonded nylon thread. What I haven’t figured out is what size needle and thread would be recommended to sew this type and weight of leather. Is it possible to use the needles I have but bump up the size of the thread? What would you recommend or suggest I try?

                                                                                                    1. Hi, Barbara! I’m so sorry I missed your comment! What weight of leather are you sewing? It’s tricky because you don’t want to use too large of a needle because the large holes will distract from any decorative stitches.

                                                                                                      1. Hi Sarah :-). I want to sew leather weighing anywhere from 9oz to 14oz. I would imagine I’d need varying needle and thread sizes for this broad a range. I’d also like to topstitch a single thickness on 8-9oz, 1/8” thick leather. Would I need to use a different needle and thread for this kind of application, such as in dressmaking and home dec?

                                                                                                        Also, I’ve sewn garment weight, such as pig suede, using a 90/14 or 100/16 leather needle and Gutermann thread on my Bernina 1030. Would it be overkill to use the industrial Juki? I don’t want to overtax the Bernina.

                                                                                                        Thank you for helping me with my questions.

                                                                                                        1. Hi! I would definitely get an industrial for that weight of leather. You would need at least a size 120 needle and bonded nylon thread. It sounds like you are going to have a lot of fun – good luck!

                                                                                                      2. What Kind of needle would be best suited for sewing 600 -1200 Denier Ballistic Nylon material? I am thinking of using 110/18 but not sure about the type. Maybe a universal or leather? im using it to cover a suitcase.
                                                                                                        Thank you

                                                                                                      3. Very Helpful Info about Sewing Machine Needle Sizes! We Make Spandex Lanterns & Vase Covers & have Always Used a Regular Fine Needle. Your Info about Ballpoint & Stretch Needles was Just what We Needed before Ordering Again. Nice Info…(0:

                                                                                                      4. Hi, I see information about needle sized for different weight fabrics but I am wondering if needles come in different lengths as well depending on the brand of sewing machine. Can any brand needle 80/12 be used with any brand of sewing machine? I have an older Kenmore 158 model and a Singer vintage 15-91 and I am wondering if I can use the same needles in either machine. The bobbins are apparently both the same class 15 type.

                                                                                                        1. Hi, Gary! Yes, sewing machine needles do come in different lengths depending on the needle system. Most home sewing machines use needle system 15×1, but it really does depend on the exact model of your sewing machine. Which Kenmore 158 machine do you have? There should be 3 to 6 numbers listed after the “158”.
                                                                                                          Your Singer 15-91 uses needle system 15×1:$2520Needles
                                                                                                          Most home sewing machines can use needles sized 60/8 to 110/18. Industrial machines can usually use larger needle sizes.

                                                                                                      5. i have a euro- pro model 420 sewing machine and am wondering what needle i need to purchase to do some work on leather? im new to this so baby steps with me please

                                                                                                      6. Hi I came across your page and I love it. I was wondering if you could help me out. My aunt just gave me a old singer sewing machine and one of the needles broke when i was sewing a stocking. I am wanting to start sewing dog and cat collar, harnesses, leashes. I also was wanting to sew blanketd for causes, stockings, and pillows. What needle size would be recommended for the dog and cat portion?

                                                                                                        1. Hi! Thank you so much for your kind words – it’s my pleasure to help! To sew cat and dog collars, leashes, and harnesses, use a 100/16 universal needle. Good luck!

                                                                                                      7. I have a Singer 251-11 industrial sewing machine. I would like to sew leather. What size needle should I use and where can I buy it. Thank you.

                                                                                                      8. I have a Pfaff 2030 tiptronic. I’m sewing a quilt with 3 layers of flannel. I didn’t have any problems with the needles that came with the machine. But both types I’ve tried of new ones 80/12 and 90/14 my machine makes noise and breaks thread.

                                                                                                      9. I have a Kenmore 385.16231300 and I’m sewing a dragon costume for my 5 year old. It’s been 20+ years since I’ve touched a sewing machine and have no clue which needles to use for different parts and the pattern doesn’t give any clues.

                                                                                                        I have:
                                                                                                        Wings – light weight mesh under a thin stretchy tight woven sheer
                                                                                                        I also have to attach chenille and hook/loop tape to it

                                                                                                        Body – stretchy fabric with metallic printed scales. Have to attach hook/loop tape, zipper, double thick felt, flannel and elastic

                                                                                                        Please let me know which needles and sizes I should be using for each part.

                                                                                                        Thank you!

                                                                                                        1. Hi, Tiffany! That sounds like an awesome project! Let’s see if we can get by with just using two needles.
                                                                                                          Wings: Use a stretch needle size 75/11. Use a Universal 90/14 needle to attach the chenille and hook/loop tape to the “lightweight mesh under a thin stretchy tight woven sheer”.
                                                                                                          Body: You should be able to repurpose the 75/11 stretch needle to construct the “stretchy fabric with metallic printed scales” (though, ideally you would use a stretch needle size 90/14). Use your universal 90/14 to attach the “hook/loop tape, zipper, double thick felt, flannel and elastic” to the “stretchy fabric with metallic printed scales”.
                                                                                                          Stretch Needles:
                                                                                                          Universal Needles:

                                                                                                        1. Hi! It depends on how thick your material is, but generally speaking, you should probably be fine with a 90/14. If it’s a thinner material, try an 80/12.

                                                                                                      10. Hi! I have a Singer 4562 that I’m using to make weighted blankets out of fleece. My problem is that I’m using velcro on the pockets so that I can remove the beanbags to easily wash the blanket. What needle should I use since I’m sewing 2 layers of fleece with with 2 layers of velcro??? I’ve gone through about 10 needles trying to get the 1st blanket finished! Ugh!!! Thanks for any suggestions!!!!

                                                                                                      11. Hi Sarah,
                                                                                                        Thanks for writing this helpful article. I’m trying to troubleshoot some issues I am having sewing leather with 277 thread on a Pfaff 145 H4 machine. I cant decide if it is the hook assembly splitting the thread or if I’m using the incorrect needle. I’m a big believer in using the right tool for the job! When I bought my machine they gave me 135x16rtw #20 needles and 135×17 #24. I thought that these would work and have been great on regular upholstery and medium thickness leathers when I was sewing with a T90 thread. When I wanted to switch to thicker thread (277) I read that I should be using a #24 needle, so thought I was good. Boy was I wrong! That thicker gauge thread is giving me issues. From my online sleuthing, I think I should be using a 190r #24 or #25 needle but I am so confused at this point.
                                                                                                        Your expertise would be incredibly helpful!
                                                                                                        Thanks a million!

                                                                                                      12. Pingback: A Quilty Adventure Part III: How to Sew with Wool - Suzy Quilts

                                                                                                      13. Hello, I have a Brother SE400 sewing/embroidery machine. I need advice on which needle to use for a thick riding pad for my daughter’s pony. It’s a quilted pad with an almost canvas like top, maybe 1/4 of an inch thick. I just want to monogram a corner without the needle breaking. Guessing 110/18 or 120/19, but I wanted to check, I don’t want to ruin the pad testing! Thank you!

                                                                                                        1. Hi, Heather! That one is going to be tricky. I’m not certain a 110/16 will fit in your machine. You may want to try a 100/16 or a 90/14 denim needle. Be sure to hammer our the fabric a little first so that the needle can more easily penetrate. Your best option would probably be to embroider a “patch”, then sew the patch on with 100/16 needle.

                                                                                                      14. I have an older Kenmore machine. I am sewing with OUtdoor fabric and Selric UV resistant High Strength Polyester Thread #69. WHich is the best needle to use?

                                                                                                          1. Hi Sarah!

                                                                                                            I use a Brother c6000i, and I need a twin needle for my next project. I’ll be using knit fabric. Can you tell me where I can find a compatible needle?

                                                                                                          2. what size needle do you recommend for embroidering unstructured cotton twill baseball caps with a seam in the middle of the front. I am using the hoop n buddy

                                                                                                          3. Hi! I have a Juki DDL 8700. I want to sew fleece and I’m wondering what kind of pressor foot I need. Also, what is a zig zag foot? Do we have one that works with my machine? Thanks!

                                                                                                            1. Hi! Your machine is very powerful and will sew fleece fine with the general purpose foot already attached. You machine can not use a zig zag foot because it is a straight stitch only machine.

                                                                                                          4. Hi, I’m currently trying to fix a dog leash for friend that trains service animals, we need to stitch extra handles onto an existing dog leash. What needle and thread would work best? I have Singer Scholastic, will this machine work for that?

                                                                                                            1. Hi! It may work, but I’ve heard mixed reviews on that machine. I would use a size 100/16 leather needle and heavy duty polyester thread. If your needle is having trouble penetrating the layers, gently hammer down the seams with a rubber mallet, then sew.
                                                                                                              Leather Needle:
                                                                                                              Heavy Duty Thread:$2520$2526$2520Heavy$2520Duty/filter:fabricmaterial:Polyester

                                                                                                          5. hi Sarah!!!!
                                                                                                            I have a juki machine…… Can i know whether i can sew chiffon material in this machine???and should i change the sewing plate?

                                                                                                          6. Hi
                                                                                                            Thanks for guidelines, but I am facing problem in using sewing machine needles, I have usha janome dream maker 120, it comes with set of 5 needles, every needle of mine is broken now . I lost the broken needles as well, and couldn’t find out the needles that works in my machine. The needle I purchased from a local dealer is making noise while I sew. I need your help and guidance. Thanks in advance

                                                                                                          7. My friend is making Yurts and he needs to sew vinyl and nylon strapping together. What size needle should he use. Also does the brand make a difference? Thanks Fay

                                                                                                            1. Hi, Fay! I would suggest a leather needle in a size 16. The brand shouldn’t make a difference. If you’ll let me know the brand and model of your machine, I should be able to tell you what type of needle your machine uses.

                                                                                                          8. Hi Sarah, great blog!

                                                                                                            I have a Janome HD 3000 sewing machine and am trying to sew this stretchy, delicate/embroidery looking lace. What needle would you use? Can you eve see it onto itself?

                                                                                                            Also what needle would you use for sewing upholstery batting on this machine? So that the stitches come out nice ?

                                                                                                            Thank you,


                                                                                                          9. Sarah

                                                                                                            I have a Brother LX3125 and am trying to hem my sons baseball pants (100% polyester) to make them knickers. What needle would you recommend

                                                                                                          10. Hey Sarah,

                                                                                                            Thanks for the tips – very helpful! I’m sewing together pieces of crocheted yarn. What would you recommend- ballpoint and 100?



                                                                                                          11. Hi, I’m making a zipper pouch, and i have a singer sew mate, I’m using 90/14 needles and I’ve broken three already 2 going along the sides of the zipper and 1 going down the fabric, I’ve never had a problem like this before. Any advice?

                                                                                                          12. Hi. I have a Brother SE400. Want to sew patio cushions using Sunbrella fabric. Which size needle should I use? The Brother representative I talked to said the largest size needle I can use with this machine is #16. Thx.

                                                                                                              1. Hi Sarah. I believe my Sunbrella fabric is acrylic. In the guide, it recommends a #18 needle for thick synthetics. But you still think #16 would be ok?

                                                                                                                Also, the manual for my machine says to use only original Brother parts. I wonder if it would void the warranty if I use universal needles…??
                                                                                                                Thank you so very much..

                                                                                                                1. Hi! My fear is that a #18 needle will not fit your needle holder. I would try the 100/16, but if you suspect your fabric needs something stronger, try a 100/16 leather needle. They’re awesome! We sell them here:
                                                                                                                  As far as your warranty – I would double check with Brother. I used Schmetz needles in my Brother machine, but I’m not sure if their warranties have changed.

                                                                                                              2. Hola Sarah
                                                                                                                Me han regalado una máquina SINGER & TOUCH MODEL 603E.
                                                                                                                Ya la limpié y cose bonito. No tiene el SLIDE PLATE, necesito comprar BOBBINS, NEDLES y otros accesorios. Usted me puede ayudar? Tengo U$80.oo para comprar partes y accesorios.
                                                                                                                He visto algunos accesorios que me gustaría comprar porque soy modista y me gusta hacer toda clase de proyectos. También hago bolsos (carteras) cortinas. Usted me dirá como hacemos para tener estas partes lo más pronto posible. Vivo en New Freedom, PA

                                                                                                              3. DEAR SARAH, I AM HAVING SO MUCH TROUBLE THREADING MY SEWING MACHINE NEEDLE. I AM LOOKING FOR LARGE EYE NEEDLES FOR MY MACHINE, PLEASE ADVISE.

                                                                                                              4. Hi Sarah! What needle would you recommend for sewing double-faced satin ribbon to tulle? I’m needing to buy some new needles and want to make sure I buy the right ones for the job. I have a Brother CE5500PRW. Thank you!

                                                                                                              5. Dear Sarah I am new at sewing and am having a dilemma as to what needle I should use when I have the material, an interfacing and lining and then have to stitch back to front etc which means I have 6 layers. Can you help me please.

                                                                                                                  1. I have a similar question…I sew hooded towels as a side business and often sew through 4-6 layers of towel at a time when putting the ears, etc. on to the hood. I almost always bread at least one needle, even using jeans needles! I have used size 16 needles and those snap too. I have a Pfaff creative from the mid 90’s. Thanks!

                                                                                                                    1. Hi! I would switch to a leather needle size 100/16 and hammer out the seams before you sew them. When I have bulky layers like that, I literally grab a rubber mallet and pound the seam flat. Works like a charm!

                                                                                                                    1. Hey Sarah. Sorry to have bothered you. I saw where you had already answered this question for someone else. Thanks for all you have shared. It’s awesome.

                                                                                                                    2. Hi Sarah,
                                                                                                                      I’m learning how to make burp cloths using terry cloth on one side and Shannon double gauze on the other. I believe I should use a walking foot but what size needle should I use? I have a Janome DC2015. Thank you for your help.

                                                                                                                      1. Hi, Ron! We don’t have any verifiable information on your machine. Do you have an old needle package you can take a picture of and email to us? Also, some machines have a little needle stamp on it that states the system it uses.

                                                                                                                      2. I want to start wool applique sewing but using my Janome sewing machine, I can’t hold a needle too long for hand sewing. Which size needle do you recommend?

                                                                                                                          1. Hi, Bethany! First, that fabric is awesome! Switch your needle to a Stretch 90/14. Change your stitch length to around a 3.0 and change your tension to 3. Let’s see if that helps. Let me know!

                                                                                                                        1. In have a Brother SE400 machine. I have singer needles that have never been used. Will they work on my machine? Red point 100/16 for duck cloth.

                                                                                                                          Thank you.

                                                                                                                        2. I have a new Babylock Bl9 and I cannot find a twin needle to fit. I have unfortunately purchased three and they do not fit. I broke two, but what I don’t understand is that one worked but doesn’t work any more. That is one of which I broke. Can you help me?

                                                                                                                        3. I recently purchased an old (in wonderful condition) Pfaff 145 Walking foot industrial machine for making leather handbags. I will be sewing anywhere from 2 to 4 or 5 oz weight leather and typically using size 69 thread. What type and size needle do you recommend? Someone said 135×8 in a size 18 or 20 but I don’t see that.

                                                                                                                        4. Hi there I recently purchased a singer 4423 and was wondering what needle I’d need to make dog collars, using cotton webbing and material or nylon webbing and material. Thanks

                                                                                                                        5. Hi, I have a 50+ year old Singer that was my Mom’s. I was wondering if it would be strong enough to sew/alter denim jeans. I realize I would need a special needle for this.

                                                                                                                                1. Hello. I am trying to make a blanket out of fleese. My stich kept coming undone everytime I got thru one side. I realize I may not be using the right needle for the job. It is the standard needle that came on my sewing machine. I have 3 or 4 other needles, just not sure which one I should use. Also should u change the foot too. I have the standard that came on the machine on it. Thanks for your help!

                                                                                                                                  1. Hi Sarah, I have a Baby Lock Accord. My second time trying to embroidering the pattern came out with a lot of white showing and the stitches not filling in. Could this be from a bad needle ( which size should I use on pillow cases) or could it be from the thread I order on line from Thread Mart?
                                                                                                                                    Thank you, LaiLani

                                                                                                                                    1. Hi! It could be a combination of things, but I’m sure we can fix it. What is the needle size and type you’re using? And what is the thread brand and type that you are using?

                                                                                                                                  2. Hi sarah.
                                                                                                                                    I just want to know which needle type and the tension to be used on a rexine material. Am using usha janome allure sewing machine

                                                                                                                                  3. I have a CS-6000b Brother. The manual states to sew a hem on a stretchy fabric to use a twin needle131096-121. Can’t find it anywhere. Can you clarify what I should use? Thank you Sarah.

                                                                                                                                  4. Hi. Great post! I’ve been totally confused on needle sizes and you have clarified a great deal for me.
                                                                                                                                    Can I ask you what needle size you would recommend for sewing a satin ribbon to burlap fabric? Many thanks

                                                                                                                                  5. I recently acquired an older Pfaff sewing machine that belonged to my sister. It appears to be in very good shape. My question is what sewing machine needle to use. The machine is a Pfaff Automatic 260 ( probably made in the 1960’s) The book says to use System 130 R flat-shank needle. I’ve not been able to find a needle like that. I don’t find a dealer anywhere around where I live. Can You help me find out what I need? Your assistance is greatly appreciated .

                                                                                                                                  6. I am doing free motion stich in on a quilt on my juki with a stich regulator, and it is fine for a minute or 2 to 3 then the thread breaks, cam you recommend the thread and needle to use. Fabric and batting is cotton

                                                                                                                                  7. Hi Sarah! I would like to do some embroidery on tulle fabric with a lightweight tear-away stabilizer, and I’m also using a Brother Innovis 980D, and in the manual, it said there that I should use a 75/11 needle for embroidery, but then I don’t have any needle except a 100/16, and a 90/14 needle, do you have any alternatives? or should I really buy a 75/11 needle? Thank you! 🙂

                                                                                                                                  8. Hi Sarah,

                                                                                                                                    I’m using sheep leather and faux fur material to restore a leather jacket. I have a Brother JV1400, which needles are appropriate for both as the faux fur is pretty thick and long, I don’t want to break it going through that and the leather. Thanks!

                                                                                                                                    1. Hi, Candyce! I recommend these needles in a size 16. However, I’m not sure how well that machine will do sewing those fabrics. You will likely also need a walking foot. If you don’t already have one, this one will fit your machine:

                                                                                                                                  9. Jessie VanBenschoten

                                                                                                                                    Hi there, this is super helpful, thank you! I am wondering what needles you would recommend for a Juki DL 8300N. I am looking to sew some pretty heavy canvas as well as light weight stretch/lycra materials and have not yet found a needle that does well with either.

                                                                                                                                    1. Hi, Jessie! These needles are compatible with your machine:
                                                                                                                                      For the heavy canvas, I would recommend a size 16 or 18:
                                                                                                                                      For the lightweight lycra, try a size 10 or 12. I usually recommend a ballpoint needle, but I don’t see any that are compatible with your machine.

                                                                                                                                      1. Hi Sarah
                                                                                                                                        I am trying to applique cotton onto t-shirts and would be grateful if you could advise me on the needle I should be using?
                                                                                                                                        ps great site with very useful information

                                                                                                                                        1. Hi Sarah, I have a Brother 3034D overlocker.
                                                                                                                                          I’m having trouble with a mid weight knit. Have been schmetz universal 80/12 with mostly good results but having the odd 1 hole in a garment. Tried ball point 90/14 getting worse/ bigger holes.
                                                                                                                                          Tried using Klasse brand in other sizes ball point wouldn’t even work. 70/80. Would a stretch needle in 75/11 still work for mid weight? Struggling to get find best result
                                                                                                                                          And if sewing 10 or so garmets per week how often would you recommend changing Needles for best results?

                                                                                                                                          1. Hi, Andrea! I would give these a try in size 75/11:
                                                                                                                                            They’ve worked really well for me when a standard ballpoint wasn’t cutting it. I think the smaller needle size is going to help a lot.
                                                                                                                                            As far as when to change the needle….Schmetz is a fantastic brand, so I would think these needles will last you all week. But really it all depends on how many stitches and seams are sewn to create your garment. A 3 seam raglan top isn’t going to break down your needle as much as a light weight jacket would. I just watch my stitches. When you start to see the slightest hint of inconsistent stitching, it’s time to change your needles.

                                                                                                                                        2. Hi Sarah, What is the correct sewing machine tension for working with Solarium? I have a Simple Singer. Thanks.

                                                                                                                                        3. Hi Sarah, I am making a dance costume for my daughters dance class and I am sewing a decorative elastic waistband onto a sheer type fabric with shiny dots all over it. I am using a universal needle but I am having a lot of skipped stitches. Am I using the wrong needle?

                                                                                                                                        4. I have a pfaff eco 45 and I have run out of needles please can you advise what I need for marine canvas the manaual states 15 / 3 and 1.1-1.5 I would like to order 20 of each for all fabrics

                                                                                                                                          For exsample

                                                                                                                                          Canvas leather material and plastic

                                                                                                                                        5. I have a Janome machine, trying to sew burlap bag w/plastic side pocket what needle size can I use? Thanks Olivia

                                                                                                                                          1. Many sewing machine manufacturers say you can only use their needles…very rarely is that true. What is the model of your brother sewing machine?

                                                                                                                                          1. It depends on the thickness of the plastic. I’m assuming you’re working with an upholstery plastic, which would be best sewn with a 100/16 needle.

                                                                                                                                        6. Hi,
                                                                                                                                          I have a Brother Sewing and Embroidery SE400. I need to replace a zipper on a music carrying bag. The material is nylon, what would you use? Will the incorrect needle cause the tension to be incorrect? Or have missed stitches?
                                                                                                                                          Thank you so much, learning so much from you,